Family Business Benefits From Cottage Industry Law
By Keri Collins Lewis
MSU Ag Communications
MISSISSIPPI STATE – Now that dozens of jars of jams, jellies, pickles and vegetables gleam on his booth’s shelves, it is hard to believe that eight years ago, Claude Jones refused to sell his wares at the Mississippi Farmer’s Market.
“I had come to the market to purchase some items, and I carried a bag of my peanut brittle with me,” Jones said. “I was always handing it out to folks. I never intended to sell it. But I gave a bag to the market director, and a couple weeks later, he called me.”
The market director invited Jones to set up a table and sell his candy, but Jones refused.
“I said, ‘No, no no!’ He said, ‘What would it take?’ But then before you know it, I was down there on Saturday with a card table and 12 little 7-ounce bags. I sold out in about an hour. I was glad, because I could leave and go home,” Jones said.
The next week, Jones took 24 bags. The following week, he took 36 bags of brittle and some jelly he had canned.
“Bingo, it went,” he said. “From there on, we started adding.”
Jones, now 76 years old, and several family members work together for Old Fashioned Taste, their cottage-based food business.
“The ladies bake cakes, and most any kind of pies and candy, I can bake too, now, but my end is the canning,” Jones said. “I make all kinds of homemade jams and jellies — blackberry, mayhaw, plum, quince, crabapple — plus pear and fig preserves.”
Jones’s daughter, Cerilda, has taken several courses through the Mississippi State University Extension Service and displays her certificates on the refrigerator at their farmers market booth. She and her father can salsa, pickles and other foods together.
Mississippi’s new cottage food law went into effect July 13. Jones said he likes the convenience of canning at home instead of at the commercial kitchen available at the market. “This new law allows people to process ‘low risk’ foods in their home kitchens and to sell these products that have a low risk from a food-safety standpoint,” said Byron Williams, food safety expert with the MSU Extension Service. “This includes items such as baked goods without cream, custard or meat fillings; spice mixes; dry baking mixes; jams and jellies; and breads.”
Cottage food business owners do not have to have a licensed and inspected facility, but they are limited to $20,000 per year in gross annual sales. Business owners must keep accurate financial records for review to make sure they are in compliance with the income limits, Williams said.
All items must be produced and stored only in household kitchens and can be sold only directly to consumers.
“Vendors can’t sell to retail or wholesale stores, over the Internet or through mail order,” Williams said.
Williams teaches workshops across the state to help Mississippians with food-related businesses and to show them how to comply with food safety regulations. He said the restrictions in place are designed to protect both business owners and consumers.
He cautioned people making food products in home kitchens to use extra care in the sanitation and food processing steps to make sure their products are safe.
“Business owners want to deliver high quality, completely safe food products for their customers to eat. They should use approved methods to increase food safety,” Williams said. “While the new cottage food laws do not require business owners to undergo inspections, we encourage all home food processors to go through the specialized training available and learn best practices for the success of their businesses and the health of their customers.”
He also cautioned against making any type of product that is low acid or acidified without proper training and knowledge of the product’s acid level, also known as the product’s pH.
“Most of these foods require special processes, control measures and regulatory agency oversight to be produced in the marketplace to keep consumers safe,” he said.
For more information about the cottage food law and requirements for vendors, visit http://1.usa.gov/17wcjHP.